Promoting Self-Efficacy: Tips for Teachers and Students
Why Promote Self-Efficacy?
Based on what we’ve learnt so far, self-efficacy is an operative construct; that is, there is a specific relationship between self-efficacy and subsequent behaviour. However, as was demonstrated in the GSE activity, there are some skills, mindsets, and behaviours that tend to run consistent throughout the process (i.e., high confidence and motivation). The objective for this page is to equip you with some tips and strategies to foster those qualities and apply them to your academic learning (and other areas as well!). Because of self-efficacy’s place in SRL, nurturing a strong and secure sense of confidence increases your ability to self-regulate and to achieve the success that students (and teachers) so desire.
Before we get into the nitty-gritty details, click here to see self-efficacy in action.
Now that you know what self-efficacy is all about, it’s time to discuss tips and strategies to promote self-efficacy in academics!
Are you a teacher? If so, click here!
Are you a student? If so, click here!
References and Further Reading
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. WH Freeman: New York.
Bandura, A. (2006). Guide to constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents (pp. 307-337). Charlotte: Information Age Publishing.
Fasciano, K., Berman, H., Moore, C., DeFrino, B., Jameson, R., Kennedy, V., & Golant, M. (2007). When a parent has cancer: A community based program for school personnel. Psycho-Oncology, 16, 158 – 167.
Margolis, H., & Mccabe, P.P. (2006). Improving self-efficacy and motivation: What to do, what to say. Intervention in School and Clinic, 41(4), 218 – 227.
Pintrick, P. (2003). A motivational science perspective on the role of student motivation in learning and teaching contexts. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(4), 667 – 686.
Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized self-efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnstson, Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35 – 37). Windsor, UK: NFER-NELSON.
Wolters, C.A. (2003). Regulation of motivation: Evaluatingan underemphasized aspect of self-regulated learning. Educational Psychologist, 38(4), 189 – 205.
Zimmerman, B.J., Bandura, A., & Martinez-Pons, M.(1992). Self-motivation for academic attainment: The role of self-efficacy beliefs and personal goal setting. American Educational Research Journal, 29(3), 663 – 676.