Quality GOALS need1:
- to be clear, specific and focused
- to monitor and evaluate progress
- to create plans
- to get and keep you motivated and engaged
- to provide you feedback
FOR EXAMPLE, Ian wants to go to a top university in Canada. His goal is to go to McGill, Waterloo, or UBC for Engineering – a clear, specific and focused goal. Ian knows that to gain acceptance to these schools, he will need to do well in his courses. He knows that he must have an 86% average for each of these schools’ admissions – his average is something he can use to monitor and evaluate his progress. Ian will focus on every assignment, lab, quiz, test, project in his class and work with his teachers when he is struggling – this is part of his plan to accomplish his goal. Knowing that university is less than a year away, he knows that his grades really count – keeping him motivated and engaged in his school work. Since Ian’s school gives reports every six weeks, he can be aware of his average – giving him a concrete record and feedback on his academic performance.
Quality GOALS have the following properties2.
Quality GOALS give you insight. They motivate you, increase your effort, the help you maintain your persistence, the influence you affective reactions. Goals are fundamental for self-regulatory cycles because they define standards for planning, monitoring, evaluating and regulating learning1.
To test your memory on the 8 properties of quality goals…
To check your answers…
1Hadwin, A. F., & Winne, P. H. (2011, in press). Promoting learning skills in undergraduate students. In M. J. Lawson & J. R. Kirby (Eds.),The quality of learning: Dispositions, instruction, and mental structures. New York: Cambridge University Press.
2Zimmerman, B. J. (2008). Goal setting: A key proactive source of academic self-regulation. In D. H. Schunk & B. J. Zimmerman (Eds), Motivation and self-regulated learning: Theory, research, and applications (pp. 267-295). New York, NY: Erlbaum