Posted by: melissajneal | December 16, 2011

Self Efficacy & Motivation

Self-Efficacy & Motivation

People with high levels of self-reinforcing self-talk:

  • have more positive self-esteem
  • more frequent automatic positive self statements  
  • and improved self-efficacy 

Self-reactions, including behavioural reactions involve self-praise or criticism, which often presents itself in the form of self-talk.   Wishful thinking and self-blame can manifest when confronted with challenging contexts.  Negative self-talk through reactions such as self-blame and criticism, can decrease self-regulated learning by reducing self-efficacy, and ultimately motivation.

Motivation is sustained bycontinuing self-perceptions of self-efficacy when performing a specific task” (Zimmerman, 1989).

Appraisals influence self-efficacy, resulting from comparisons between goals and self-perceptions of achieving those goals. Changing an appraisal from low to high self-efficacy can regulate emotional responses in future contexts.

for example….

Appraising a test as achievable, rather than daunting, may eliminate test anxiety before it begins.

When studying for a test instead of saying..

“This test is going to be so hard, I am totally going to fail” reframe your thoughts and feelings to “This test will be challenging, but I will learn the information because I am smart and capable of putting in effort”

Poor self-efficacy can lead to poor self-judgement, which is the comparison of performance with standards and goals   Having a poor perception of abilities can lead to negative self-talk, influencing the internal feedback used to measure performance against standards.  This can disrupt the cyclical nature of self-regulation, influencing motivation for future goal setting and perceived self-efficacy.


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